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Visualizing the Top Global Risks in 2024

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top global risks 2024 from the world economic forum

Visualizing the Top Global Risks in 2024

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What is the global risk landscape in 2024?

Record global temperatures are leading to increasingly harmful impacts, a cost-of living crisis is making everyday life harder for people around the world, and escalating tensions in the Middle East have the potential to widen into a broader regional conflict.

Meanwhile, in 2024 it’s expected to be the world’s biggest election year ever with 4 billion people casting a vote across 60 countries. Will threats such as misinformation and polarization loom large as people head to the polls?

This visualization shows the biggest risks for 2024, based on the World Economic Forum’s annual survey of leaders around the globe.

Global Risk Profile in 2024

Here are the top 20 risks to the global economy, based on a survey of 1,490 leaders.

Leaders were asked to choose up to five risks that are likely to present a material crisis on a global scale in 2024:

2024 Ranking Risk Share of
Respondents
Category
1 Extreme weather 66% Environmental
2 Misinformation and disinformation 53% Technological
3 Societal polarization 46% Societal
4 Cost-of-living crisis 42% Societal
5 Cyberattacks 39% Technological
6 Economic downturn 33% Economic
7 Disrupted supply chains for critical
goods and resources
25% Economic
8 Escalation or outbreak of interstate
armed conflict(s)
25% Geopolitical
9 Attacks on critical infrastructure 19% Geopolitical
10 Disrupted supply chains for food 18% Economic
11 Censorship and erosion of free speech 16% Societal
12 Disrupted supply chains for energy 14% Economic
13 Public debt distress 14% Economic
14 Skills or labor shortage 13% Economic
15 Accidental or intentional nuclear
event
12% Geopolitical
16 Violent civil strikes and riots 11% Geopolitical
17 Accidental or intentional release
of biological agents
9% Geopolitical
18 Institutional collapse within the
financial sector
7% Economic
19 Housing bubble burst 4% Economic
20 Tech bubble burst 4% Economic

Extreme weather poses the biggest risk according to leaders surveyed. It also ranks second overall in terms of severity over the next two years.

Global economies are widely unprepared for the consequences of acute weather, from shocks to food systems to large-scale infrastructure damage. In fact, some research shows that potentially irreversible changes to the planet could be reached by the 2030s if temperatures continue to rise.

Misinformation and disinformation is the second-biggest risk, which could diminish trust and deepen political divides. It also has the potential to undermine global elections, which are slated across the U.S., Russia, India, Mexico, and dozens of other countries.

The threat of misinformation is especially clear given advancements in AI-generated content. It ranks first overall in terms of risk severity across the list.

Interlinked with misinformation is the risk of societal polarization. In the post-pandemic era, political divides have worsened, and these have been exacerbated by economic hardship and a lack of economic opportunity.

Additionally, the conflict in the Middle East is severely impacting the livelihood of millions of people, and the recent attack in Lebanon raises questions about the outbreak of a wider war. The escalation of interstate armed conflicts ranks as the eighth-highest risk for the global economy in 2024, and the fifth-most severe.

Future Global Risks

How will global risks transform over the next decade?

By 2034, leaders surveyed believe that environmental risks will be most concerning, making up five of the top 10 risks, by severity:

2034 Ranking Risk Category
1 Extreme weather events Environmental
2 Critical change to Earth systems Environmental
3 Biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse Environmental
4 Natural resource shortages Environmental
5 Misinformation and disinformation Technological
6 Adverse outcomes of AI technologies Technological
7 Involuntary migration Societal
8 Cyber insecurity Technological
9 Societal polarization Societal
10 Pollution Environmental

We can see that technological risks of misinformation and the adverse outcomes of AI technologies also remain fairly dominant.

AI has the potential to be highly destabilizing to society, presenting some existential risks due to its role as a “force multiplier”, which means that it can increase the effect of a country’s military systems, data analytics, and other capabilities.

From a broader perspective, key structural forces are influencing global risks looking ahead. They include technological acceleration, climate change, shifts in geopolitical power, and a widening demographic divide.

Where does this data come from?

Source: The World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report 2024.

Data note: The chart in this article is based on the Global Risks Perception Survey 2023-2024. A list of global risks and their definitions is shown in Table A.1 of the PDF. The report also includes detailed information on sample sizes and demographics of respondents, found on pg. 101.

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